ESLint

Enforce rules and raise warnings to keep your Javascript, Typescript, and React code clean and bug free.

Getting Started

Install ESLint in your node project with npm or yarn:

$ npm install eslint --save-dev

Create your config file in the root directory of your node project at eslintrc.js. Add any specific rules to the new file. An example ESLint config looks like this:

{
  "extends": "eslint:recommended",
  "rules": {
    "semi": ["error", "always"],
    "quotes": ["error", "double"]
  }
}

The "extends": "eslint:recommended" will make a good basic ruleset for your linting. You can see the rules it adds and others you can add on their rules page. Regarding the rules,

The names "semi" and "quotes" are the names of rules in ESLint. The first value is the error level of the rule and can be one of these values:

  • "off" or 0 - turn the rule off
  • "warn" or 1 - turn the rule on as a warning (doesn't affect exit code)
  • "error" or 2 - turn the rule on as an error (exit code will be 1)

React

When using ESLint with frameworks like React, you may end up with errors like 'document' is not defined. or Parsing error: The keyword 'import' is reserved. These can be handled as follows:

Specific Naming Conventions

Using the id-match rule, you can specify non-standard naming conventions for variables and classes. For example, if you wanted to use something like snake case, you would add this rule:

{
  "id-match": ["error", "^(_{1,2})?[a-zA-Z0-9]+(_[a-zA-Z0-9]+)*$"]
}

Ignore rule in a file

By placing this at the top of the file, it will ignore this rule throughout the entire file. /* eslint-disable {rule} */

To disable a rule for only one line, place this after the code on the offending line. // eslint-disable-line {rule}

References

Last modified: 202206101419